source: trunk/doc/src/docbook/userdoc/import_data.xml @ 5372

Last change on this file since 5372 was 5372, checked in by Nicklas Nordborg, 13 years ago

Fixes #1462: Select plugin+configuration in a single list

  • Property svn:eol-style set to native
  • Property svn:keywords set to Id
File size: 31.0 KB
1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
3  "-//Dawid Weiss//DTD DocBook V3.1-Based Extension for XML and graphics inclusion//EN"
4  "../../../../lib/docbook/preprocess/dweiss-docbook-extensions.dtd"
6<!ENTITY runplugin.configure.common
7  "The top of the window displays the names of the selected plug-in and
8  configuration, a list with parameters to the left, an area for input fields to the
9  right and buttons to proceed with at the bottom.
10  Click on a parameter in the parameter list to show the form fields
11  for entering values for the parameter to the right. Parameters
12  with an <guilabel>X</guilabel> in front of their names already have a
13  value. Parameters marked with a blue rectangle are required and must
14  be given a value before it is possible to proceed."
18  $Id: import_data.xml 5372 2010-06-24 12:28:06Z nicklas $
20  Copyright (C) 2007 Peter Johansson, Nicklas Nordborg, Martin Svensson
21  Copyright (C) 2008 Jari Häkkinen
23  This file is part of BASE - BioArray Software Environment.
24  Available at
26  BASE is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
27  modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
28  as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 3
29  of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
31  BASE is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
32  but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
34  GNU General Public License for more details.
36  You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
37  along with BASE. If not, see <>.
39<chapter id="import_data" chunked="0">
40  <?dbhtml dir="import"?>
41  <title>Import of data</title>
42  <para>
43    In some places the only way to get data into BASE is to import it
44    from a file. This typically includes raw data, array design
45    features, reporters and other things, which would be inconvenient
46    to enter by hand due to the large number of data items. There is
47    also convenience batch importers for importing other items such as
48    biosources, samples, and extracts. The batch importers are
49    described later in this chapter after the general import
50    description.
51  </para>
52  <para>
53    Normally, a plug-in handles one type of items and may require a
54    configuration, for example, the import plug-ins need some
55    information about how to find headers and data lines in
56    files. BASE ships with a number of export plug-ins as a part of
57    the core plug-ins package, cf. <xref linkend="coreplugins.import"
58    />. The core plug-in section links to configuration examples for
59    some of the plugins. Go to
60    <menuchoice>
61      <guimenu>Administrate</guimenu>
62      <guimenuitem>Plugins</guimenuitem>
63      <guisubmenu>Definitions</guisubmenu>
64    </menuchoice>
65    to check which plug-ins are installed on your BASE server. When
66    BASE finds a plug-in that supports import of a certain type of
67    item an &gbImport; button is displayed in the toolbar on either
68    the list view or the single-item view.
69  </para>
70    <note>
71    <title>Missing/unavailable button</title>
72    <para>
73      If the import button is missing from a page were you would expect
74      to find them this usually means that:
75    </para>
76    <itemizedlist>
77      <listitem>
78        <simpara>
79          The logged in user does not have permission to use the plug-in.
80        </simpara>
81      </listitem>
82      <listitem>
83        <simpara>
84          The plug-in requires a configuration, but no one has been
85          created or the logged in user does not have permission to
86          use any of the existing configurations.
87        </simpara>
88      </listitem>
89    </itemizedlist>
90    <para>
91      Contact the server administrator or a similar user that has permission to
92      administrate the plug-ins.
93    </para>
94  </note>
96    <sect1 id="import_data.import">
97      <title>General import procedure</title>
99    <para>
100      Starting a data import is done by a wizard-like interface. There
101      are a number of step you have to go through:
102    </para>
104    <orderedlist>
105      <listitem>
106        <simpara>
107          Select a plug-in and file format to use, or select the
108          auto detect option.
109        </simpara>
110      </listitem>
111      <listitem>
112        <simpara>
113          If you selected the auto detection function, you must select
114          a file to use.
115        </simpara>
116      </listitem>
117      <listitem>
118        <simpara>
119          Specify plug-in parameters.
120        </simpara>
121      </listitem>
122      <listitem>
123        <simpara>
124          Add the import job to the job queue.
125        </simpara>
126      </listitem>
127      <listitem>
128        <simpara>
129          Wait for the job to finish.
130        </simpara>
131      </listitem>
132    </orderedlist>
134    <sect2 id="import_export_data.import.plugin_fileformat">
135      <title>Select plug-in and file format</title>
136      <para>
137        Click on the &gbImport; button
138        in the toolbar to start the import wizard. The first step is to
139        select which plug-in and, if supported, which
140        file format to use. There is also an <guilabel>auto detect</guilabel>
141        option that lets you select a file and have BASE try to find a suitable
142        plug-in/file format to use.
143      </para>
145      <figure id="import_export_data.figures.select_import_plugin">
146        <title>Select plug-in and file format</title>
147        <screenshot>
148          <mediaobject>
149            <imageobject><imagedata fileref="figures/select_import_plugin.png" format="PNG" /></imageobject>
150          </mediaobject>
151        </screenshot>
152      </figure>
155      <helptext external_id="import.selectplugin"
156        title="Select plug-in and file format for data import">
158        <variablelist>
159          <varlistentry>
160            <term><guilabel>Plugin + file format</guilabel></term>
161            <listitem>
162              <para>
163                This is a combined list of plug-ins and their
164                respective file format configurations. The list only
165                includes combinations that
166                the logged in user has permission to use. If you select
167                an entry a short description of about the plug-in and configuration
168                is displayed
169                below the lists. More information about the plug-ins can
170                be found under the menu choices
171                <menuchoice>
172                  <guimenu>Administrate</guimenu>
173                  <guimenuitem>Plugins</guimenuitem>
174                  <guisubmenu>Definitions</guisubmenu>
175                </menuchoice>
176                and
177                <menuchoice>
178                  <guimenu>Administrate</guimenu>
179                  <guimenuitem>Plugins</guimenuitem>
180                  <guisubmenu>Configurations</guisubmenu>
181                </menuchoice>.
182              </para>
183              <note>
184                <title>File format vs. Configuration</title>
185                <simpara>
186                A file format is the same thing as a plug-in configuration.
187                It may be confusing that the interface sometimes use
188                <emphasis>file format</emphasis> and sometimes use
189                <emphasis>configuration</emphasis>, but for now, we'll have
190                to live with it.
191                </simpara>
192              </note>
193            </listitem>
194          </varlistentry>
195        </variablelist>
197        <para>
198          Proceed to the next step by clicking on the
199          &gbNext; button.
200        </para>
202        <seeother>
203          <other external_id="import.autodetect">The auto detect function</other>
204        </seeother>
205      </helptext>
207      <sect3 id="import_export_data.import.plugin_fileformat.autodetect">
208        <title>The auto detect function</title>
210        <helptext
211          external_id="import.autodetect"
212          title="The auto detect function">
214        <para>
215          The auto detect function lets you select a file and have
216          BASE try to find a suitable plug-in and file format. This option is
217          selected by default in the combined plug-in and file format list when there is
218          at least one plug-in that supports auto detection.
219        </para>
220        <note>
221          <title>Support of auto detect</title>
222          <para>
223            Not all plug-ins support auto detection. The ones that do are marked in
224            the list with <guilabel>×</guilabel>.
225          </para>
226        </note>
228        <para>
229          Select the <guilabel>auto detect (all)</guilabel> option to search for a file format
230          in all plug-ins that supports the feature, or select the <guilabel>auto detect (plugin)</guilabel>
231          option to only search the file formats for a specific plug-in.
232          Continue to the next step by clicking on the &gbNext; button.
233        </para>
235        <seeother>
236          <other external_id="import.selectplugin">Select plug-in and file format for data import</other>
237          <other external_id="import.autodetect.selectfile">Select file for auto detection</other>
238        </seeother>
240        </helptext>
242        <para>
243          You must now select a file to import from.
244        </para>
246        <figure id="import_export_data.figures.select_autodetect_file">
247          <title>Select file for auto detection</title>
248          <screenshot>
249            <mediaobject>
250              <imageobject><imagedata fileref="figures/select_autodetect_file.png" format="PNG" /></imageobject>
251            </mediaobject>
252          </screenshot>
253        </figure>
255        <helptext external_id="import.autodetect.selectfile" 
256          title="Select file for auto detection">
258          <variablelist>
259            <varlistentry>
260              <term><guilabel>Plugin</guilabel></term>
261              <listitem>
262                <para>
263                  Displayes the selected plug-in or <guilabel>all</guilabel> if the
264                  auto-detection is used on all supporting plug-ins.
265                </para>
266              </listitem>
267            </varlistentry>
268            <varlistentry>
269              <term><guilabel>File</guilabel></term>
270              <listitem>
271                <para>
272                  Enter the path and file name for the
273                  file you want to use. Use the <guibutton>Browse&hellip;</guibutton>
274                  button to browse after the file in BASE's file system.
275                  If the file does not exist in the file system you have the option
276                  to upload it.
277                  <nohelp>Read more about this in <xref linkend="file_system" />.</nohelp>
278                </para>
279              </listitem>
280            </varlistentry>
281            <varlistentry>
282              <term><guilabel>Character set</guilabel></term>
283              <listitem>
284                <para>
285                  The character set used in text files. If the selected file has been configured
286                  with a character set the correct option is automatically selected. In all
287                  cases, you have the option to override the default selection. Most files,
288                  typically use one of the UTF-8 or ISO-8859-1 character sets.
289                </para>
290              </listitem>
291            </varlistentry>
292            <varlistentry>
293              <term><guilabel>Recently used</guilabel></term>
294              <listitem>
295                <para>
296                  A list of files you have recently used
297                  for auto detection.
298                </para>
299              </listitem>
300            </varlistentry>
301          </variablelist>
303          <para>
304            Click on the &gbNext; button
305            to start the auto detection.
306          </para>
308          <para>
309            If the auto detection finds a exactly one plug-in and file format
310            the next step is to configure any additional parameters needed
311            by the plug-in. This is the same step as if you had selected
312            the same plug-in and file format in the first step.
313            If no plug-in can be found an error message is displayed.
314          </para>
316          <note>
317            <title>More then one compatible plug-in/file format</title>
318            <para>
319              If more than one matching plug-in or file format is used
320              you will be taken back to the first step. This time
321              the lists will only include the matching plug-ins/file formats
322              and the auto detect option is not present.
323            </para>
324          </note>
326          <seeother>
327            <other external_id="import.selectplugin">Select plug-in and file format for data import</other>
328            <other external_id="import.autodetect">The auto detect function</other>
329          </seeother>
331        </helptext>
333      </sect3>
335    </sect2>
337    <sect2 id="import_export_data.import.pluginparameters">
338      <title>Specify plug-in parameters</title>
339      <para>
340        When you have selected a plug-in and file format or used
341        the auto detect function to find one, a form where you
342        you can enter additional parameters for the plug-in is displayed.
343      </para>
345      <figure id="import_export_data.figures.confiure_plugin">
346        <title>Specify plug-in parameters</title>
347        <screenshot>
348          <mediaobject>
349            <imageobject>
350              <imagedata 
351                scalefit="1" width="100%"
352                fileref="figures/plugin_parameters.png" format="PNG" />
353            </imageobject>
354          </mediaobject>
355        </screenshot>
356      </figure>
358      <helptext external_id="runplugin.configure.import" 
359        title="Specify plug-in parameters">
360      <para>
361        &runplugin.configure.common;
362      </para>
364      <para>
365        The parameter list is very different from plug-in to plug-in.
366        Common parameters for import plug-ins are:
367      </para>
369      <variablelist>
370        <varlistentry>
371          <term><guilabel>File</guilabel></term>
372          <listitem>
373            <para>
374            The file to import data from. A value is already set if
375            you used the auto detect function.
376            </para>
377          </listitem>
378        </varlistentry>
380        <varlistentry>
381          <term><guilabel>Error handling</guilabel></term>
382          <listitem>
383            <para>
384              A section which contains different options how to
385              handle errors when parsing the file. Normally you can
386              select if the import should fail as a while or if
387              the line with the error should be skipped.
388            </para>
389          </listitem>
390        </varlistentry>
391      </variablelist>
393      <para>
394        Continue to the next step by clicking the
395        &gbNext; button.
396      </para>
398      <seeother>
399        <other external_id="runplugin.configure">The plug-in configuration wizard</other>
400      </seeother>   
401      </helptext>
403    </sect2>
405    <sect2 id="import_export_data.import.jobqueue">
406      <title>Add the import job to the job queue</title>
408      <para>
409        In this window should information about the job be filled in, like name and
410        description. Where name is required and need to have valid string as a value. There
411        are also two check boxes in this page.
412        <variablelist>
413          <varlistentry>
414            <term>
415              <guilabel>Send message</guilabel>
416            </term>
417            <listitem>
418              <para>
419                Tick this check box if the job should send you a message when it is
420                finished, otherwise untick it
421              </para>
422            </listitem>
423          </varlistentry>
424          <varlistentry>
425            <term>
426              <guilabel>Remove job</guilabel>
427            </term>
428            <listitem>
429              <para>
430                If this check box is ticked, the job will be marked as removed when
431                it is finished, on condition that it was finished successfully. This
432                is only available for import- and export- plugins.
433              </para>
434            </listitem>
435          </varlistentry>
436        </variablelist>
437      </para>
438      <para>
439        Clicking on
440        &gbFinish;
441        when everything is set will end the job configuration and place the job in the job queue.
442        A self-refreshing window appears with information about the
443        job's status and execution time. How long time it takes before the job starts to run
444        depends on which priority it and the other jobs in the queue have. The job does not
445        depend on the status window to be able to run and the window can be
446        closed without interrupting the execution.
447      </para>
448      <tip>
449        <title>View job status</title>
450        <para>
451          A job's status can be viewed at any time by opening it from the job list page,
452          <menuchoice>
453            <guimenuitem>View</guimenuitem>
454            <guimenuitem>Jobs</guimenuitem>
455          </menuchoice>.
456        </para>
457      </tip>
458    </sect2>
460    </sect1>
462    <sect1 id="import_data.batch">
463      <title>Batch import of data</title>
465      <para>
466        There are in general several possibilities to import data into
467        BASE. Bulk data such as reporter information and raw data
468        imports are handled by plug-ins created for these tasks. For
469        item types that are imported in more moderate quantities a
470        suite of batch item importers available
471        (<xref linkend="coreplugins.import.batch" />). These importers
472        allows the user to create new items in BASE and define item
473        properties and associations between items using tab-separated
474        (or equivalent) files.
475      </para>
477      <para>
478        The batch importers are available for most users and they may
479        have been pre-configured but there is no requirement to
480        configure the batch importer plug-ins. Here we assume that no
481        plug-in configuration exists for the batch
482        importers. Pre-configuration of the importers is really only
483        needed for facilities that perform the same imports regularly
484        whereas for occasional use the provided wizard is
485        sufficient. Configuring the importers follows the route
486        described in <xref linkend="plugins.configuration" />.
487      </para>
489      <para>
490        The batch importers either creates new items or updates
491        already existing items. In either mode the plugin can set
492        values for
493        <itemizedlist>
494          <listitem>
495            <para>
496              Simple properties, <emphasis>eg.</emphasis>, string
497              values, numeric values, dates, etc.
498            </para>
499          </listitem>
500          <listitem>
501            <para>
502              Single-item references, <emphasis>eg.</emphasis>,
503              protocol, label, software, owner, etc.
504            </para>
505          </listitem>
506          <listitem>
507            <para>
508              Multi-item references are references to several other
509              items of the same type. The labeled extracts of a
510              hybridization or pooled samples are two examples of
511              items that refer to several other items; a hybridization
512              may contain several labeled extracts and a sample may be
513              a pool of several samples. In some cases a multi-item
514              reference is bundled with simple
515              values, <emphasis>eg.</emphasis>, used quantity of a
516              source biomaterial, the array index a labeled extract is
517              used on, etc. Multi-item references are never removed by
518              the importer, only added or updated. Removing an item
519              from a multi-item reference is a manual procedure to be
520              done using the web interface.
521            </para>
522          </listitem>
523        </itemizedlist>
524        The batch importers do not set values for annotations since
525        this is handled by the already existing annotation importer
526        plug-in (<xref linkend="annotations.massimport" />). However,
527        the annotation importer and batch item importers have similar
528        behaviour and functionality to minimize the learning cost for
529        users.
530      </para>
532      <para>
533        The importer only works one item type at each use and can be
534        used in a <emphasis>dry-run</emphasis> mode where everything
535        is performed as if a real import is taking place, but the work
536        (transaction) is not committed to the database. The result of
537        the test can be stored to a log file and the user can examine
538        the output to see how an actual import would perform. Summary
539        results such as the number of items imported and the number of
540        failed items are reported after the import is finished, and in
541        the case of non-recoverable failure the reason is reported.
542      </para>
544      <sect2 id="import_data.batch.fileformat">
545        <title>File format</title>
547        <para>
548          For proper and efficient use of the batch importers users
549          need to understand how the files to be imported should be
550          formatted. For users who wishes to get a hands-on
551          experience there is
552          an <ulink url="">OpenOffice
553          spreadsheet with sample sheets that work with the batch
554          importers</ulink> available for download. This file can be
555          used to import a set of data from the biosource level down
556          to hybridizations with proper associations and properties
557          simply by using the batch importers.
558        </para>
560        <para>
561          The input file must be organised into columns separated by a
562          specified character such as a tab or comma character. The
563          data header line contains the column headers which defines
564          the contents of each column and defines the beginning of
565          item data in the file. The item data block continues until
566          the end of the file or to an optional data footer line
567          defining the end of the data block.
568        </para>
570        <para>
571          When reading data for an item the plug-in must use some
572          information for identifying items. Depending on item type
573          there are two or three options to select the item identifier
574          <itemizedlist>
575            <listitem>
576              <para>
577                Using the internal <property>id</property>. This is
578                always unique for a specific BASE server.
579              </para>
580            </listitem>
581            <listitem>
582              <para>
583                Using the <property>name</property>. This may or may
584                not be unique.
585              </para>
586            </listitem>
587            <listitem>
588              <para>
589                Some items have
590                an <property>externalId</property>. This may or may
591                not be unique.
592              </para>
593            </listitem>
594            <listitem>
595              <para>
596                Array slides may have a <property>barcode</property>
597                which is similar to
598                the <property>externalId</property>.
599              </para>
600            </listitem>
601          </itemizedlist>
602          It is important that the identifier selected
603          is <emphasis>unique</emphasis> in the file used, or if the
604          file is used to update items already existing in BASE the
605          identifier should also be unique in BASE for the user
606          performing the update. The plug-in will check uniqueness
607          when default parameters are used but the user may change the
608          default behaviour.
609        </para>
611        <para>
612          Data for a single item may be split into multiple lines. The
613          first line contains simple properties and single-item
614          references, and the first multi-item reference. If there are
615          more multi-item references they should be on the following
616          lines with empty values in all other columns, except for the
617          column holding the item identifier. The item identifier must
618          have the same value on all lines associated with the
619          item. Lines containing other data than multi-item references
620          will be ignored or may be considered as an error depending
621          on plug-in parameter settings. The reason for treating
622          copied data entries as an error is to catch situations where
623          two items is given the same item identifier by accident.
624        </para>
626      </sect2>
628      <sect2 id="import_data.batch.running">
629        <title>Running the item batch importer</title>
631        <para>
632          This section discuss specific parameters and features of the
633          batch importers. The general use of the batch importers
634          follow the description outlined in
635          <xref linkend="import_data.import" /> and the setting of
636          column mapping parameters is assisted with
637          the <guilabel>Test with file</guilabel> function described
638          in <xref linkend="plugins.configuration.testwithfile"
639          />. The column headers are mapped to item properties at each
640          use of the plug-in but, as pointed out above, they can also
641          be predefined by saving settings as a plug-in
642          configuration. The configuration also includes separator
643          character and other information that is needed to parse
644          files. The ability to save configurations depends on user
645          credential and is by default only granted to administrators.
646        </para>
648        <para>
649          The plug-in parameter follows the standard BASE plug-in
650          layout and shows help information for selected
651          parameters. The list below comments on some of the
652          parameters available.
653          <variablelist>
654            <varlistentry>
655              <term>
656                <guilabel>Mode</guilabel>
657              </term>
658              <listitem>
659                <para>
660                  Select the mode of the plug-in. The plug-in can
661                  create new items and/or update items already
662                  existing in BASE. This setting is available to allow
663                  the user to make a conscious choice of how to treat
664                  missing or already existing items. For example, if
665                  the user selects to only update items already
666                  existing the plug-in will complain if an item in the
667                  file does not exist in BASE (using default error
668                  condition treatment). This adds an extra layer of
669                  security and diagnostics for the user during import.
670                </para>
671              </listitem>
672            </varlistentry>
673            <varlistentry>
674              <term>
675                <guilabel>Identification method</guilabel>
676              </term>
677              <listitem>
678                <para>
679                  This parameter defines the method to use to find
680                  already existing items. The parameter can only be
681                  set to a set of item properties listed in the
682                  plug-in parameter dialog. The property selected by
683                  the user must be mapped to a column in the file. If
684                  it is not set there is obviously no way for the
685                  plug-in to identify if an item already exists .
686                </para>
687              </listitem>
688            </varlistentry>
689            <varlistentry>
690              <term>
691                <guilabel>Owned by me</guilabel>, <guilabel>Shared to
692                me</guilabel>, <guilabel>In current
693                project</guilabel>, and <guilabel>Owned by
694                others</guilabel>
695              </term>
696              <listitem>
697                <para>
698                  Defines the set of items the plug-in should look in
699                  when it checks whether an item already exists. The
700                  options are the same that are available in list
701                  views and the actual set of parameters depends in
702                  user credentials.
703                </para>
704                <para>
705                  When <property>id</property> is used as
706                  the <guilabel>Identification method</guilabel>, the
707                  plug-in looks for the item irrespective the setting
708                  of these parameters. Of course, the user still must
709                  have proper access to the item referenced.
710                </para>
711              </listitem>
712            </varlistentry>
713            <varlistentry>
714              <term>
715                <guilabel>Column mapping expressions</guilabel>
716              </term>
717              <listitem>
718                <para>
719                  Use the <guilabel>Test with file</guilabel> function
720                  described in
721                  <xref linkend="plugins.configuration.testwithfile"
722                  /> to set the column mapping parameters.
723                </para>
724                <para>
725                  When creating pooled items,
726                  the <property>pooled</property> property is used to
727                  tell the plug-in that an item is pooled. Pooled in
728                  BASE language really means that the item parent is
729                  of the same type as the item itself. If an item is
730                  not pooled then the parent is of another type
731                  following a predefined hierarchy in BASE. In
732                  ascending order the BASE ordering
733                  of <emphasis>parent - child - grandchild -
734                  ...</emphasis> item relation is <emphasis>biosource
735                  - sample - extract - labeled extract</emphasis>.
736                </para>
737                <para>
738                  The values accepted for <property>pooled</property>
739                  are <constant>empty (' ')</constant>,
740                  <constant>0</constant>, <constant>1</constant>,
741                  <constant>no</constant>, <constant>yes</constant>,
742                  <constant>false</constant>,
743                  and <constant>true</constant>. Any other string is
744                  interpreted as the item is pooled.  Sometimes all
745                  items in a file to be imported are pooled but there
746                  is no column that marks the pooled status. This can
747                  be resolved by setting
748                  the <property>pooled</property> mapping to a
749                  constant string
750                  <constant>'1'</constant> which make all items to be
751                  treated as pooled in the import (no backslash '\'
752                  character, compare with column header mapping
753                  strings that contain backslash characters
754                  like <constant>'\pool column\'</constant>).
755                </para>
756              </listitem>
757            </varlistentry>
758          </variablelist>
759          After setting the parameters,
760          select <guilabel>Next</guilabel>. Another parameter dialog
761          will appear where error handling options can be set among
762          with
763          <variablelist>
764            <varlistentry>
765              <term>
766                <guilabel>Log file</guilabel>
767              </term>
768              <listitem>
769                <para>
770                  Setting this parameter will turn on logging. The
771                  plug-in will give detailed information about how the
772                  file is parsed. This is useful for resolving file
773                  parsing issues.
774                </para>
775              </listitem>
776            </varlistentry>
777            <varlistentry>
778              <term>
779                <guilabel>Dry run</guilabel>
780              </term>
781              <listitem>
782                <para>
783                  Enable or disable test run of the plug-in. If
784                  enabled the plug-in will parse and simulate an
785                  import. When enabling this option you should set
786                  the <guilabel>Log file</guilabel> also. The dry run
787                  mode allows testing of large imports and updates by
788                  creating a log file that can be examined for
789                  inconsistencies before actually performing the action
790                  without a safety net.
791                </para>
792              </listitem>
793            </varlistentry>
794          </variablelist>
795        </para>
797        <para>
798          During file parsing the plug-in will look for items
799          referenced on each line. There are three outcomes of this
800          item search
801          <itemizedlist>
802            <listitem>
803              <para>
804                No item is found. Depending on parameter settings this
805                may abort the plug-in, the plug-in may ignore the
806                line, or a new item is created.
807              </para>
808            </listitem>
809            <listitem>
810              <para>
811                One item is found. This is the item that is going to
812                be updated.
813              </para>
814            </listitem>
815            <listitem>
816              <para>
817                More than one item is found. Depending on parameter
818                settings this may abort the plug-in or the plug-in may
819                ignored the line.
820              </para>
821            </listitem>
822          </itemizedlist>
823        </para>
825      </sect2>
827      <sect2 id="import_data.batch.comments">
828        <title>Comments on the item batch importers</title>
830        <para>
831          The item batch importers are not designed to change or
832          create annotations. There is another plug-in for this, see
833          <xref linkend="annotations.massimport" /> for an
834          introduction to the annotation importer.
835        </para>
837        <para>
838          There is no need to map all columns when running the
839          importer. When new items are created usually the only
840          mandatory entry is <property>Name</property>, and when
841          running the plug-in in update mode only the column defining
842          the item identification property needs to be defined. This
843          can be utilized when only one or a few properties needs to
844          be updated; map only columns that should be changed and the
845          plug-in will ignore the other properties and leave them as
846          they are already stored in BASE. This also means that if one
847          property should be deleted then that property must be mapped
848          and the value must be empty in the file. Note, multi-item
849          reference cannot be deleted with the batch importer, and
850          deletion of multi-item references must be done using the web
851          interface.
852        </para>
854        <para>
855          When parent and other relations are created using the
856          plug-in the referenced items are properly linked and
857          updated. This means that when a quantity that decreases a
858          referenced item is used, the referenced item is updated
859          accordingly. In consequence, if the relation is removed in a
860          later update - maybe wrong parent was referenced - the
861          referenced item is restored and any decrease of quantities
862          are also reset.
863        </para>
865        <para>
866          A common mistake is to forget to make sure that some of the
867          referenced items already exists in BASE, or at least are
868          accessible for the user performing the import. Items such as
869          protocols and labels must be added before referencing
870          them. This is of course also true for other items but during
871          batch import one usually follows the natural order of first
872          importing biosources, samples, extracts, and so on. In this
873          way the parents are always present and may be referenced
874          without any issues.
875        </para>
877      </sect2>
879    </sect1>
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